Poverty a key barrier to Education
Despite a major reduction of poverty since our parents not allowed to go to school due to Genocide discrimination in Rwanda, more than 63% of Rwandans in general continue to live below the poverty line, with rural populations especially suffering. Poverty affects a large majority of Rwandan children, having serious effects on their access to nutritious food, education, health services, etc. Social protection programs that directly work with and benefit the poor are offered by the government and non-governmental organizations.
More than 90% of Rwanda’s poor population lives in rural areas, and 80% of poor households work in agriculture, farming and other domestic services.
Rwanda Has approved all key international conventions concerning child labor. Despite government efforts to eliminate child labor, there continues to be a high rate of child labor in the poor communities with high number of children working. The minimum age for work in the nation is 18 however, with high poverty rates found in the poor communities, families facing economic difficulties may be forced to have their children to work. These children often receive little education, low pay and are vulnerable to discriminate and young girls getting unwanted pregnancies. There have been instances of children being trafficked for domestic services, agriculture labor and sexual exploitation. Girls and some boys are exploited in domestic service through extended families Networks. Child labor has been also found in the deprived families.
Right to education
According to statistics for World Economic Forum there are two overarching Challenges. Firstly Access to Education. Globally there are still 67 million children out of school, 43% of who live in Africa. Many of these Children live in conflict areas or fragile states and many more live in Rural Areas. Every year 10 Million children drop out of Primary school in Sub Saharan Africa. There are a multitude of reasons to explain why these Children are not in schools. Lack of facilities, Culture, the need to be in employment and so on but sometimes simple measures can make a huge difference. We started by protecting them especially young Girls who are getting unwanted pregnancies. The enrolment of children in pre- school is still low does make them to go to child labor, the ability to read and write is very low, this increase school dropout while young girls get pregnancies at young age.
The situation is worse in most vulnerable families the parents don’t care about Education. Our goal is to support the children who are not able getting all necessary to access Education from Pre-school and on wards. It is in this regards we created “Peace and Hope Academy (Early Childhood Development center, Nursery and Primary School). Children at School vs Children not at school : our goal is to bring more children at the school .
Street children are exposed to numerous risks, including sexual and economic exploitation, health problems, malnutrition, etc. Many are uneducated or undereducated, meaning that they have little chance of finding the sort of employment that will enable them to escape the streets. To numb themselves to the reality of their wretched lives, street children often spend the little money they earn on drugs and alcohol. Cannabis, alcohol, and petroleum fumes are often abused. The conditions of their existence are such that the impact on their development is it physical, psychological, cultural or economic is invariably negative.
Many children were forced to the streets as a result of poverty, abuse, torture, rape, or abandonment. Urban children and children of extreme poverty who lack adequate care and supervision are most likely to become street children.
Peace and Hope Initiative organization through its Center provide food and milk to the children.